INKSCAPE(1)                         Inkscape                         INKSCAPE(1)

       Inkscape - an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) editing program.

       "inkscape [options] [filename ...]"


           -?, --help
           -V, --version

           -f, --file=FILENAME

           -e, --export-png=FILENAME
           -a, --export-area=x0:y0:x1:y1
           -C, --export-area-page
           -D, --export-area-drawing
           -i, --export-id=ID
           -j, --export-id-only
           -t, --export-use-hints
           -b, --export-background=COLOR
           -y, --export-background-opacity=VALUE
           -d, --export-dpi=DPI
           -w, --export-width=WIDTH
           -h, --export-height=HEIGHT

           -P, --export-ps=FILENAME
           -E, --export-eps=FILENAME
           -A, --export-pdf=FILENAME

           -T, --export-text-to-path

           -l, --export-plain-svg=FILENAME

           -p, --print=PRINTER

           -I, --query-id=ID
           -X, --query-x
           -Y, --query-y
           -W, --query-width
           -H, --query-height
           -S, --query-all

           -x, --extension-directory



           -g, --with-gui
           -z, --without-gui


       Inkscape is a GUI editor for Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format
       drawing files, with capabilities similar to Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw,
       Xara Xtreme, etc. Inkscape features include versatile shapes, bezier
       paths, freehand drawing, multi-line text, text on path, alpha blending,
       arbitrary affine transforms, gradient and pattern fills, node editing,
       many export and import formats including PNG and PDF, grouping, layers,
       live clones, and a lot more.  The interface is designed to be comfortable
       and efficient for skilled users, while remaining conformant to GNOME
       standards so that users familiar with other GNOME applications can learn
       its interface rapidly.

       SVG is a W3C standard XML format for 2D vector drawing. It allows
       defining objects in the drawing using points, paths, and primitive
       shapes.  Colors, fonts, stroke width, and so forth are specified as
       `style' attributes to these objects.  The intent is that since SVG is a
       standard, and since its files are text/xml, it will be possible to use
       SVG files in a sizeable number of programs and for a wide range of uses.

       Inkscape uses SVG as its native document format, and has the goal of
       becoming the most fully compliant drawing program for SVG files available
       in the Open Source community.

       -?, --help
               Show help message

       -V, --version
               Show Inkscape version and build date.

       -a x0:y0:x1:y1, --export-area=x0:y0:x1:y1
               In PNG export, set the exported area in SVG user units (anonymous
               length units normally used in Inkscape SVG).  The default is to
               export the entire document page.  The point (0,0) is the lower-
               left corner.

       -C, --export-area-page
               In PNG, PDF, PS, and EPS export, exported area is the page. This
               is the default for PNG, PDF, and PS, so you don't need to specify
               this unless you are using --export-id to export a specific
               object. In EPS, however, this is not the default; moreover, for
               EPS, the specification of the format does not allow its bounding
               box to extend beyond its content.  This means that when
               --export-area-page is used with EPS export, the page bounding box
               will be trimmed inwards to the bounding box of the content if it
               is smaller.

       -D, --export-area-drawing
               In PNG, PDF, PS, and EPS export, exported area is the drawing
               (not page), i.e. the bounding box of all objects of the document
               (or of the exported object if --export-id is used).  With this
               option, the exported image will display all the visible objects
               of the document without margins or cropping. This is the default
               export area for EPS. For PNG, it can be used in combination with

               For PNG export, snap the export area outwards to the nearest
               integer SVG user unit (px) values. If you are using the default
               export resolution of 90 dpi and your graphics are pixel-snapped
               to minimize antialiasing, this switch allows you to preserve this
               alignment even if you are exporting some object's bounding box
               (with --export-id or --export-area-drawing) which is itself not

       -b COLOR, --export-background=COLOR
               Background color of exported PNG.  This may be any SVG supported
               color string, for example "#ff007f" or "rgb(255, 0, 128)".  If
               not set, then the page color set in Inkscape in the Document
               Options dialog will be used (stored in the pagecolor= attribute
               of sodipodi:namedview).

       -d DPI, --export-dpi=DPI
               The resolution used for PNG export.  It is also used for fallback
               rasterization of filtered objects when exporting to PS, EPS, or
               PDF (unless you specify --export-ignore-filters to suppress
               rasterization). The default is 90 dpi, which corresponds to 1 SVG
               user unit (px, also called "user unit") exporting to 1 bitmap
               pixel.  This value overrides the DPI hint if used with

       -e FILENAME, --export-png=FILENAME
               Specify the filename for PNG export.  If it already exists, the
               file will be overwritten without asking.

       -f FILENAME, --file=FILENAME
               Open specified document(s).  Option string may be omitted, i.e.
               you can list the filenames without -f.

       -g, --with-gui
               Try to use the GUI (on Unix, use the X server even if $DISPLAY is
               not set).

       -h HEIGHT, --export-height=HEIGHT
               The height of generated bitmap in pixels.  This value overrides
               the --export-dpi setting (or the DPI hint if used with

       -i ID, --export-id=ID
               For PNG, PS, EPS, and PDF export, the id attribute value of the
               object that you want to export from the document; all other
               objects are not exported.  By default the exported area is the
               bounding box of the object; you can override this using
               --export-area (PNG only) or --export-area-page.

       -j, --export-id-only
               Only export to PNG the object whose id is given in --export-id.
               All other objects are hidden and won't show in export even if
               they overlay the exported object.  Without --export-id, this
               option is ignored. For PDF export, this is the default, so this
               option has no effect.

       -l, --export-plain-svg=FILENAME
               Export document(s) to plain SVG format, without sodipodi: or
               inkscape: namespaces and without RDF metadata.

       -x, --extension-directory
               Lists the current extension directory that Inkscape is configured
               to use and then exits.  This is used for external extension to
               use the same configuration as the original Inkscape installation.

               Lists all the verbs that are available in Inkscape by ID.  This
               ID can be used in defining keymaps or menus.  It can also be used
               with the --verb command line option.

       --verb=VERB-ID, --select=OBJECT-ID
               These two options work together to provide some basic scripting
               for Inkscape from the command line.  They both can occur as many
               times as needed on the command line and are executed in order on
               every document that is specified.

               The --verb command will execute a specific verb as if it was
               called from a menu or button.  Dialogs will appear if that is
               part of the verb.  To get a list of the verb IDs available, use
               the --verb-list command line option.

               The --select command will cause objects that have the ID
               specified to be selected.  This allows various verbs to act upon
               them.  To remove all the selections use --verb=EditDeselect.  The
               object IDs available are dependent on the document specified to

       -p PRINTER, --print=PRINTER
               Print document(s) to the specified printer using `lpr -P
               PRINTER'.  Alternatively, use `| COMMAND' to specify a different
               command to pipe to, or use `> FILENAME' to write the PostScript
               output to a file instead of printing.  Remember to do appropriate
               quoting for your shell, e.g.

               inkscape --print='| ps2pdf - mydoc.pdf' mydoc.svg

       -t, --export-use-hints
               Use export filename and DPI hints stored in the exported object
               (only with --export-id).  These hints are set automatically when
               you export selection from within Inkscape.  So, for example, if
               you export a shape with id="path231" as /home/me/shape.png at 300
               dpi from document.svg using Inkscape GUI, and save the document,
               then later you will be able to reexport that shape to the same
               file with the same resolution simply with

               inkscape -i path231 -t document.svg

               If you use --export-dpi, --export-width, or --export-height with
               this option, then the DPI hint will be ignored and the value from
               the command line will be used.  If you use --export-png with this
               option, then the filename hint will be ignored and the filename
               from the command line will be used.

       -w WIDTH, --export-width=WIDTH
               The width of generated bitmap in pixels.  This value overrides
               the --export-dpi setting (or the DPI hint if used with

       -y VALUE, --export-background-opacity=VALUE
               Opacity of the background of exported PNG.  This may be a value
               either between 0.0 and 1.0 (0.0 meaning full transparency, 1.0
               full opacity) or greater than 1 up to 255 (255 meaning full
               opacity).  If not set and the -b option is not used, then the
               page opacity set in Inkscape in the Document Options dialog will
               be used (stored in the inkscape:pageopacity= attribute of
               sodipodi:namedview).  If not set but the -b option is used, then
               the value of 255 (full opacity) will be used.

       -P FILENAME, --export-ps=FILENAME
               Export document(s) to PostScript format. Note that PostScript
               does not support transparency, so any transparent objects in the
               original SVG will be automatically rasterized. Used fonts are
               subset and embedded. The default export area is page; you can set
               it to drawing by --export-area-drawing. You can specify
               --export-id to export a single object (all other are hidden); in
               that case export area is that object's bounding box, but can be
               set to page by --export-area-page.

       -E FILENAME, --export-eps=FILENAME
               Export document(s) to Encapsulated PostScript format. Note that
               PostScript does not support transparency, so any transparent
               objects in the original SVG will be automatically rasterized.
               Used fonts are subset and embedded. The default export area is
               drawing; you can set it to page, however see --export-area-page
               for applicable limitation. You can specify --export-id to export
               a single object (all other are hidden).

       -A FILENAME, --export-pdf=FILENAME
               Export document(s) to PDF format. This format preserves the
               transparency in the original SVG. Used fonts are subset and
               embedded.  The default export area is page; you can set it to
               drawing by --export-area-drawing. You can specify --export-id to
               export a single object (all other are hidden); in that case
               export area is that object's bounding box, but can be set to page
               by --export-area-page.

               (for PS, EPS, and PDF export) Used for creating images for LaTeX
               documents, where the image's text is typeset by LaTeX.  When
               exporting to PDF/PS/EPS format, this option splits the output
               into a PDF/PS/EPS file (e.g. as specified by --export-pdf) and a
               LaTeX file. Text will not be output in the PDF/PS/EPS file, but
               instead will appear in the LaTeX file. This LaTeX file includes
               the PDF/PS/EPS. Inputting (\input{image.tex}) the LaTeX file in
               your LaTeX document will show the image and all text will be
               typeset by LaTeX. See the resulting LaTeX file for more
               information.  Also see GNUPlot's `epslatex' output terminal.

       -T, --export-text-to-path
               Convert text objects to paths on export, where applicable (for
               PS, EPS, and PDF export).

               Export filtered objects (e.g. those with blur) as vectors,
               ignoring the filters (for PS, EPS, and PDF export).  By default,
               all filtered objects are rasterized at --export-dpi (default 90
               dpi), preserving the appearance.

       -I, --query-id
               Set the ID of the object whose dimensions are queried. If not
               set, query options will return the dimensions of the drawing
               (i.e. all document objects), not the page or viewbox

       -X, --query-x
               Query the X coordinate of the drawing or, if specified, of the
               object with --query-id. The returned value is in px (SVG user

       -Y, --query-y
               Query the Y coordinate of the drawing or, if specified, of the
               object with --query-id. The returned value is in px (SVG user

       -W, --query-width
               Query the width of the drawing or, if specified, of the object
               with --query-id. The returned value is in px (SVG user units).

       -H, --query-height
               Query the height of the drawing or, if specified, of the object
               with --query-id. The returned value is in px (SVG user units).

       -S, --query-all
               Prints a comma delimited listing of all objects in the SVG
               document with IDs defined, along with their x, y, width, and
               height values.

       --shell With this parameter, Inkscape will enter an interactive command
               line shell mode. In this mode, you type in commands at the prompt
               and Inkscape executes them, without you having to run a new copy
               of Inkscape for each command. This feature is mostly useful for
               scripting and server uses: it adds no new capabilities but allows
               you to improve the speed and memory requirements of any script
               that repeatedly calls Inkscape to perform command line tasks
               (such as export or conversions). Each command in shell mode must
               be a complete valid Inkscape command line but without the
               Inkscape program name, for example "file.svg

               Remove all unused items from the <lt>defs<gt> section of the SVG
               file.  If this option is invoked in conjunction with
               --export-plain-svg, only the exported file will be affected.  If
               it is used alone, the specified file will be modified in place.

       -z, --without-gui
               Do not open the GUI (on Unix, do not use X server); only process
               the files from console.  This is assumed for -p, -e, -l, and
               --vacuum-defs options.

               This standard GTK option forces any warnings, usually harmless,
               to cause Inkscape to abort (useful for debugging).

       --usage Display a brief usage message.

       The main configuration file is located in
       ~/.config/inkscape/preferences.xml; it stores a variety of customization
       settings that you can change in Inkscape (mostly in the Inkscape
       Preferences dialog).  Also in the subdirectories there, you can place
       your own:

       $HOME/.config/inkscape/extensions/ - extension effects.

       $HOME/.config/inkscape/icons/ - icons.

       $HOME/.config/inkscape/keys/ - keyboard maps.

       $HOME/.config/inkscape/templates/ - new file templates.

       The program returns zero on success or non-zero on failure.

       A variety of error messages and warnings may be printed to STDERR or
       STDOUT.  If the program behaves erratically with a particular SVG file or
       crashes, it is useful to look at this output for clues.

       While obviously Inkscape is primarily intended as a GUI application, it
       can be used for doing SVG processing on the command line as well.

       Open an SVG file in the GUI:

           inkscape filename.svg

       Print an SVG file from the command line:

           inkscape filename.svg -p '| lpr'

       Export an SVG file into PNG with the default resolution of 90dpi (one SVG
       user unit translates to one bitmap pixel):

           inkscape filename.svg --export-png=filename.png

       Same, but force the PNG file to be 600x400 pixels:

           inkscape filename.svg --export-png=filename.png -w600 -h400

       Same, but export the drawing (bounding box of all objects), not the page:

           inkscape filename.svg --export-png=filename.png --export-area-drawing

       Export to PNG the object with id="text1555", using the output filename
       and the resolution that were used for that object last time when it was
       exported from the GUI:

           inkscape filename.svg --export-id=text1555 --export-use-hints

       Same, but use the default 90 dpi resolution, specify the filename, and
       snap the exported area outwards to the nearest whole SVG user unit values
       (to preserve pixel-alignment of objects and thus minimize aliasing):
           inkscape filename.svg --export-id=text1555 --export-png=text.png --export-area-snap

       Convert an Inkscape SVG document to plain SVG:

           inkscape filename1.svg --export-plain-svg=filename2.svg

       Convert an SVG document to EPS, converting all texts to paths:

           inkscape filename.svg --export-eps=filename.eps --export-text-to-path

       Query the width of the object with id="text1555":

           inkscape filename.svg --query-width --query-id text1555

       Duplicate the object with id="path1555", rotate the duplicate 90 degrees,
       save SVG, and quit:

           inkscape filename.svg --select=path1555 --verb=EditDuplicate --verb=ObjectRotate90 --verb=FileSave --verb=FileClose

       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

       TMPDIR to set the default path of the directory to use for temporary
       files.  The directory must exist.

       To load different icons sets instead of the default
       $PREFIX/share/inkscape/icons/icons.svg file, the directory
       $HOME/.config/inkscape/icons/ is used.  Icons are loaded by name (e.g.
       fill_none.svg), or if not found, then from icons.svg.  If the icon is not
       loaded from either of those locations, it falls back to the default
       system location.

       The needed icons are loaded from SVG files by searching for the SVG id
       with the matching icon name.  (For example, to load the "fill_none" icon
       from a file, the bounding box seen for SVG id "fill_none" is rendered as
       the icon, whether it comes from fill_none.svg or icons.svg.)

       The canonical place to find Inkscape info is at
       The website has news, documentation, tutorials, examples, mailing list
       archives, the latest released version of the program, bugs and feature
       requests databases, forums, and more.

       potrace, cairo, rsvg(1), batik, ghostscript, pstoedit.

       SVG compliance test suite:

       SVG validator:

       Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 Specification W3C Recommendation 14
       January 2003 <>

       Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.2 Specification W3C Working Draft 13
       November 2003 <>

       SVG 1.1/1.2/2.0 Requirements W3C Working Draft 22 April 2002

       Document Object Model (DOM): Level 2 Core Arnaud Le Hors et al editors,

       To learn Inkscape's GUI operation, read the tutorials in Help >

       Apart from SVG, Inkscape can import (File > Import) most bitmap formats
       (PNG, BMP, JPG, XPM, GIF, etc.), plain text (requires Perl), PS and EPS
       (requires Ghostscript), PDF and AI format (AI version 9.0 or newer).

       Inkscape exports 32-bit PNG images (File > Export) as well as AI, PS,
       EPS, PDF, DXF, and several other formats via File > Save as.

       Inkscape can use the pressure and tilt of a graphic tablet pen for width,
       angle, and force of action of several tools, including the Calligraphic

       Inkscape includes a GUI front-end to the Potrace bitmap tracing engine
       ( which is embedded into Inkscape.

       Inkscape can use external scripts (stdin-to-stdout filters) that are
       represented by commands in the Extensions menu. A script can have a GUI
       dialog for setting various parameters and can get the IDs of the selected
       objects on which to act via the command line. Inkscape comes with an
       assortment of effects written in Python.

       To get a complete list of keyboard and mouse shortcuts, view
       doc/keys.html, or use the Keys and Mouse command in Help menu.

       Many bugs are known; please refer to the website ( for
       reviewing the reported ones and to report newly found issues.  See also
       the Known Issues section in the Release Notes for your version (file

       This codebase owes its existence to a large number of contributors
       throughout its various incarnations.  The following list is certainly
       incomplete, but serves to recognize the many shoulders on which this
       application sits:

       Maximilian Albert, Josh Andler, Tavmjong Bah, Pierre Barbry-Blot, Jean-
       François Barraud, Bill Baxter, John Beard, John Bintz, Arpad Biro,
       Nicholas Bishop, Joshua L. Blocher, Henrik Bohre, Boldewyn, Daniel
       Borgmann, Bastien Bouclet, Gustav Broberg, Christopher Brown, Hans
       Breuer, Marcus Brubaker, Luca Bruno, Nicu Buculei, Bulia Byak, Pierre
       Caclin, Ian Caldwell, Gail Carmichael, Ed Catmur, Chema Celorio, Johan
       Ceuppens, Zbigniew Chyla, Alexander Clausen, John Cliff, Kees Cook, Ben
       Cromwell, Robert Crosbie, Jon Cruz, Aurélie De-Cooman, Milosz
       Derezynski, Daniel DÃaz, Bruno Dilly, Larry Doolittle, Tim Dwyer, Maxim
       V. Dziumanenko, Johan Engelen, Miklos Erdelyi, Ulf Erikson, Noé Falzon,
       Frank Felfe, Andrew Fitzsimon, Edward Flick, Marcin Floryan, Fred, Ben
       Fowler, Cedric Gemy, Steren Giannini, Olivier Gondouin, Ted Gould, Toine
       de Greef, Michael Grosberg, Bryce Harrington, Dale Harvey, Aurélio
       Heckert, Carl Hetherington, Jos Hirth, Hannes Hochreiner, Thomas Holder,
       Joel Holdsworth, Alan Horkan, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Richard Hughes, Nathan
       Hurst, inductiveload, Thomas Ingham, Jean-Olivier Irisson, Bob Jamison,
       jEsuSdA, Lauris Kaplinski, Lynn Kerby, Niko Kiirala, James Kilfiger,
       Jason Kivlighn, Adrian Knoth, Krzysztof KosiÅski, Petr Kovar, Benoît
       Lavorata, Alex Leone, Julien Leray, Raph Levien, Diederik van Lierop,
       Nicklas Lindgren, Vitaly Lipatov, Ivan Louette, Pierre-Antoine Marc,
       Aurel-Aimé Marmion, Colin Marquardt, Dmitry G. Mastrukov, Matiphas,
       Michael Meeks, Federico Mena, MenTaLguY, Aubanel Monnier, Vincent
       Montagne, Tim Mooney, Derek P. Moore, Peter Moulder, Jörg Müller,
       Yukihiro Nakai, Victor Navez, Christian Neumair, Andreas Nilsson, Mitsuru
       Oka, Marten Owens, Alvin Penner, Jon Phillips, Zdenko Podobny, Alexandre
       Prokoudine, Jean-René Reinhard, Alexey Remizov, Frederic Rodrigo, Hugo
       Rodrigues, Juarez Rudsatz, Xavier Conde Rueda, Felipe Corrêa da Silva
       Sanches, Aurélio A. Heckert, Christian Schaller, Marco Scholten, Tom von
       Schwerdtner, Shivaken, Michael Sloan, Danilo Å egan, BoÅ¡tjan Å petiÄ,
       Aaron Spike, Kaushik Sridharan, Ralf Stephan, Dariusz Stojek, Martin
       Sucha, Pat Suwalski, Adib Taraben, Hugh Tebby, Jonas Termeau, David
       Turner, Andre Twupack, Aleksandar UroÅ¡eviÄ, Lucas Vieites, Michael
       Wybrow, Daniel Yacob, David Yip, Masatake Yamato

       This man page was put together by Bryce Harrington

       The codebase that would become Inkscape began life in 1999 as the program
       Gill, the GNOME Illustrator application, created by Raph Levien.  The
       stated objective for Gill was to eventually support all of SVG.  Raph
       implemented the PostScript bezier imaging model, including stroking and
       filling, line cap style, line join style, text, etc.  Raph's Gill page is
       at  Work on Gill appears to have slowed or
       ceased in 2000.

       The next incarnation of the codebase was to become the highly popular
       program Sodipodi, led by Lauris Kaplinski.  The codebase was turned into
       a powerful illustration program over the course of several year's work,
       adding several new features, multi-lingual support, porting to Windows
       and other operating systems, and eliminating dependencies.

       Inkscape was formed in 2003 by four active Sodipodi developers, Bryce
       Harrington, MenTaLguY, Nathan Hurst, and Ted Gould, wanting to take a
       different direction with the codebase in terms of focus on SVG
       compliance, interface look-and-feel, and a desire to open development
       opportunities to more participants.  The project progressed rapidly,
       gaining a number of very active contributors and features.

       Much work in the early days of the project focused on code stabilization
       and internationalization.  The original renderer inherited from Sodipodi
       was laced with a number of mathematical corner cases which led to
       unexpected crashes when the program was pushed beyond routine uses; this
       renderer was replaced with Livarot which, while not perfect either, was
       significantly less error prone.  The project also adopted a practice of
       committing code frequently, and encouraging users to run developmental
       snapshots of the program; this helped identify new bugs swiftly, and
       ensure it was easy for users to verify the fixes.  As a result, Inkscape
       releases have generally earned a reputation for being robust and

       Similarly, efforts were taken to internationalize and localize the
       interface, which has helped the program gain contributors worldwide.

       Inkscape has had a beneficial impact on the visual attractiveness of Open
       Source in general, by providing a tool for creating and sharing icons,
       splash screens, website art, and so on.  In a way, despite being "just an
       drawing program", Inkscape has played an important role in making Open
       Source more visually stimulating to larger audiences.

       Copyright (C) 1999–2010 by Authors.

       Inkscape is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the terms of the GPL.

Inkscape-0.48.2                                                      INKSCAPE(1)